The Impact of Maternal Age and Parity on the Necessity of Episiotomy during Vaginal Delivery in Childbirth.

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Yati Ashikin Abdul Wahab
Naeimah Mamat
Noor Asiah Hassan
Hanita Hashim
Shahida Abd Latif


Childbirth is a complex process, and the decision to perform an episiotomy, a surgical incision made in the perineum during childbirth, has been a subject of discussion in obstetrics. This research aims to understand the relationship between the age of mothers and the number of parity concerning the necessity of episiotomy during childbirth. The data was collected from the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Hospital Sultan Ismail. The respondents were in the age range of 16 to 40 with first child to fifth child. The Independent variable is the mother and the number of parity—dependent variable necessity of episiotomy during childbirth. To analyze the collected data, two statistical methods were employed Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to determine if there is a significant difference in the mean of age groups concerning the necessity of episiotomy. Pearson Correlation is utilized to explore the correlation between the number of parity and the need for episiotomy. There is a significant difference in the mean age group and need for episiotomy indicating the age group of mothers relates to the need for episiotomy. The findings of this study contribute valuable insights into the factors influencing the necessity of episiotomy during childbirth. 

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Education and Social Sciences