Politics of Privatisation: Water Tariff in Water Supply Distribution in Selangor

Muhammad Shamshinor Abdul Azzis, Sity Daud, Mohd. Azri Ibrahim, Hamdan Mohd. Salleh, Muhamad Wazir Muslat

Abstract


Privatisation of water supply distribution in Selangor has been implemented through concession by Syarikat Bekalan Air Selangor (SYABAS) in the period of 2004-2013. That period shows the clash between two aspirations of the state government which is Barisan Nasional (before the 12th GE) and Pakatan Rakyat (after the 12th GE). The problem statement in this study is privatisation theory in the neo-liberalism framework which promotes minimal intervention of government in the market. Nevertheless, privatisation in Malaysia, particularly water services in Selangor has shown a contradictory scenario where the privatisation has been implemented with an active intervention by the government; both by the BN & PR state governments. In federalism perspective, the interventions in the water distribution privatisation by both levels of governments (state and federal government) are through the application of power and their political agenda respectively. Next, this article also evaluates the correlation between customer satisfaction and water tariff in privatisation by SYABAS. This study applies mixed methodology which used both quantitative (by questionnaire) and qualitative (through primary and secondary data) approaches. The data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially. Meanwhile, the result for the survey showed a significant correlation between the customer satisfaction and water tariff by SYABAS.


Keywords


Privatisation; government intervention; water distribution; water tariff

Full Text:

VIEW PDF

References


Abdul Rashid Abdul Aziz. (2006). Privatisation of fixed- rail transit systems: A case study of Malaysia’s STAR and PUTRA. Canada Journal Civil Engineering, 33: 846-853.

Achterhuis, H., Boelens, R. & Zwarteveen, M. (2010). Water property relations and modern policy regimes: neoliberal utopia and the disempowerment of collective action. In Boelens, R., Getches, D. & Gil, A.G. (Ed.), Out of the mainstream: Water rights, politics and identity (pp. 27-56). London: Earthscan.

Ahmad Atory Hussain. (1998). Reformasi pentadbiran di Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn. Bhd.

Bakker, K. (2010). Privatizing water: Governance failure and the World’s urban water crisis. New York: Cornell University Press.

Bamberger, M. (Ed.). (2000). Integrating quantitative and qualitative research in development projects. Washington: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

Beeson, M. & Robison, R. (2000). Introduction: interpreting the crisis. In Robison, R., Beeson, M., Jayasuria, K. & Kim, Hyuk-Rae (Eds.), Politics and markets in the wake of Asian crisis. (pp. 3-24). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

Boubakri, N., Cosset, J. & Guedhami, O. (2008). Privatization in developing countries: performance and ownership effects. Development Policy Review, 26(3), 275-308.

Bourguignon, F. & Sepulveda, C. (2009). Privatization in development: Some lessons from experience - World bank policy research working paper 5131. Washington: World Bank.

Carlson, J. M. & Hyde, M. S. (2003). Doing empirical political research. London: Houghton Mifflin.

Chang, C. V. (2006). Privatisation and development: Theory, policy and evidence. Hampshire: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

Chua, Yan Piaw. (2011). Buku 1: Kaedah penyelidikan. (2nd ed.). Kuala Lumpur, McGraw Hill.

Chung, K. (2000). Issues and approaches in the use of integrated methods. In Bamberger, M. (Ed.), Integrating quantitative and qualitative research in development projects (pp. 7-46). Washington: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods (3rd ed.). California: SAGE Publications Inc.

Denhardt, J. V. & Denhardt, R. B. (2011). The new public service: Serving, not steering (3rd ed.). New York: M. E. Sharpe Inc.

Dye, T. R., Zeigler, H. & Schubert, L. (2012). The irony of democracy – an uncommon introduction to American politics. Boston: Wadsworth.

Fong, C. M. (2009). Competition and regulation of the electricity industry in Malaysia. The Antitrust Bulletin, 54(1), 67-86.

Gomez, E. T. & Jomo, K. S. (1999). Malaysia’s political economy: Politics, patronage and profits (Rev. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hall, D. & Lobina, E. (2005). The relative efficiency of public and private sector water. www.psiru.org [19 Jun 2008].

Hall, D. & Lobina, E. (2009). The private sector in water in 2009. www.psiru.org [17 Jun 2010].

Hall, D., Lobina, E. & Motte, R. (2005). Public resistance to privatisation in water and energy. Development in practice, 15(3), 286-301.

Hall, D., Lobina, E., Corral, V., Hoedeman, O., Terhorst, P., Pigeon, M. & Kishimoto Satoko. (2009). Public-public partnerships (PUPs) in water. www.psiru.org [17 Jun 2010].

Jomo, K. S. (1993a). Privatization in Malaysia: for what and for whom? In Clarke, T. & Christos Pitelis (Ed.), The political economy of privatization (pp. 437-454). London: Routledge.

Jomo, K. S. (1993b). The Way forward?: the Political Economy of Development Policy Reform in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya

Jomo, K. S. (2000). Crisis and the developmental state in East Asia. In Robison, R., Beeson, M., Jayasuria, K. & Kim, Hyuk-Rae (Eds.), Politics and markets in the wake of Asian crisis (pp. 25-33). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

Jomo, K. S. (2010). Warisan ekonomi Mahathir. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn Bhd.

Khairiah Salwa Mokhtar. (2008). Privatising Malaysia Airlines: A policy transfer approach. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Kifordu, H. A. (2010). Political elite and the vicissitudes of accountability in Nigeria. Politikon, 37(2-3), 287-309.

Klaver, I. J. (2012). Placing water and culture. In Johnston, B. R. et. al. (Eds.), Water, cultural diversity, and global environmental change: emerging trends, sustainable futures? (pp. 9-30). Paris: UNESCO.

Levitsky, S. & Way, L. A. (2010). Competitive authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mahathir Mohamad. (2011). A doctor in the house: The memoirs of Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. Petaling Jaya: MPH Group Publishing Sdn Bhd.

Malaysia. (2006). Rancangan Malaysia Kesembilan 2006-2010.

Md. Zhahir Kechot & Nor Ghani Md. Nor. (1991) Perusahaan awam dan penswastaan dalam pembangunan. In Dimensi ekonomi pembangunan: Teori dan reality (pp. 166-198). Bangi: Penerbit UKM.

Mohammad Rizal Salim. (2011). Corporate governance in Malaysia: the macro and micro issues. In Mallin, C.A. (Ed.), Handbook on international corporate governance: Country analyses (2nd ed.) (pp. 269-296). Cheltanham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.

Mothusi, B. & Dipholo, K. B. (2008). Privatisation in Botswana: The demise of a developmental state. Public Administration and Development, 28, 239-249.

Noorul Ainur Mohd. Nur. (2003). Privatisation in Malaysia at the crossroads: Politics and efficiency. Unpublished doctorate dissertation. The City University of New York, New York.

Pierce, R. (2008). Research methods in politics – A practical guide. London: SAGE.

Prasad, N. (2006). Privatisation results: private sector participation in water services after 15 years. Development Policy Review, 24(6), 669-692.

Sivamurugan, P. (2005). Legasi Mahathir. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Publishings.

Smith, T. B. (2003). Privatising electric power in Malaysia and Thailand: Politics and infrastructure development policy. Public Admin and Development, 3(3), 273-283.

Tan, J. (2008). Privatization in Malaysia – Regulation, rent-seeking and policy failure. London: Routledge.

Wanderley, C. A.; Cullen, J. & Tsamenyi, M. (2011). Privatisation and electricity sector reform in Brazil: accounting perspective. Journal of Accounting in Emerging Economies, 1(1), 53-75.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: xxxx-xxxx