A Conceptual Paper: The Mediating Role of Employee Engagement in Promoting Green Manufacturing Practices in Malaysia
Purpose: This paper aims to provide empirical evidence on employee engagement as a mediating role in promoting green manufacturing practices among manufacturing firms in Malaysia.
Background: Globally, green practices have been a major movement towards pushing forward the green economy, dealing with unsustainable natural of resources exploitation, planet pollution, degradation of world ecosystem which have been proven as the root of climate change problems. Malaysia government has been committed towards greening the economy sector by participating in several world meetings pertaining environmental concerns such as ASEAN and APEC. The sector that has been a prior to the green concept is manufacturing sector as it is the most prominent business sector that has drawn an attention with regards to the implementation of green manufacturing practices and one of high contributors to the economic growth. Due to high contribution to the economy, manufacturing sector has been reported to highly contributing to the environment problems due to its uncontrolled production that may cause harmful effect on natural resources and degrade the environment. Locally, Malaysia’s manufacturing sector has shown quite impressive performance with an increase of 5.7% in 2018. However, the local performance is insufficient and it is not an indicator to be able to compete at the global platform. Malaysia has still not been able to supersede its neighbouring countries such as Singapore and Thailand in ranking. Due to focus more on enablers and barriers by the researchers, has caused the manufacturing firms to underperform in the implementation of effective green manufacturing practices specifically. Current studies often overlook the employee approach in the implementation of green manufacturing practices even though previous studies had discussed the findings but partially. Hence, employee engagement is considered as mediation and the focul point to examine the success of firms to implement effective green manufacturing practices and make the firms to stay longer in the cutthroat marketplace.
Design/Methodology/Approach: Questionnaire is used to obtain information from the selected manufacturing firms at three industrial states; Selangor, Penang, and Johor and to determine the solid answers for the research questions. The survey will be answered by the managers from the selected departments as to hold their interpretations and impressions towards the mediating role of employee engagement in promoting green manufacturing practices.
Results/Findings: The knowledge gained through this research is expected to provide better understanding for the manufacturing firms to improve green manufacturing practices and practical understanding on the importance of employee engagement associated with the GMP.
Conclusion and Implications: Engaging employees towards the implementation of GMP is essential because without proper acknowledgement of employee engagement, firms can be in a dangerous position. Thus, manufacturing firms should be well aware of the urgency to place importance on employee engagement in the implementation of GMP.
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